Disaster Preparedness
5:53 pm
Thu June 13, 2013

New Research And Maps Highlight Need For Earthquake, Tsunami Prep

The earthquake and tsunami threat to the Northwest from the offshore Cascadia fault was in the news in multiple ways Thursday. Canadian researchers have reconstructed a prehistoric record of great earthquakes on that shared fault. It reconfirms that we're due for another Big One. Coincidentally in Oregon, tsunami preparedness is getting a renewed look.

Subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate under the North American Plate controls the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes in the Pacific Northwest.
Subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate under the North American Plate controls the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes in the Pacific Northwest.
Credit USGS

A team of researchers on Vancouver Island analyzed a sediment core taken from an inlet in Barkley Sound. They found evidence of 22 major earthquakes over the past 11,000 years; so on average, one about every 500 years. But radiocarbon dating shows the interval can be as little as 200 years. That means the next Big One could strike any day now. (The last Cascadia megaquake happened in January 1700.)

This research was published online in the Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences on the same day that Oregon legislators in Salem listened to ideas for how to better prepare for tsunamis.

Emergency planner Jay Wilson says a top recommendation in the new Oregon Resilience Plan is to relocate coastal schools, hospitals and fire stations to higher ground.

"We know you can't move all these homes off the beach and people don't want to live that far away," Wilson says. "But if there is key infrastructure for there that they are going to have to rely on, relocation needs to be the first discussion point."

This comes just as the state of Oregon has completed a four year process of remapping the tsunami hazard zone on its coast. In most places, the new maps show more streets and buildings at risk than previously thought.

Copyright 2013 Northwest News Network

On the Web:

For new tsunami maps, please visit Oregon Tsunami Clearinghouse (DOGAMI):
http://www.oregongeology.org/tsuclearinghouse/default.htm

Oregon Resilience Plan:
http://www.oregon.gov/OMD/OEM/osspac/docs/Oregon_Resilience_Plan_Final.pdf

Resilient Washington State plan:
http://www.dnr.wa.gov/Publications/ger_ic114_resilient_washington_state.pdf

New paper on paleoseismic analysis of core from Effingham Inlet, British Columbia (Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences):
http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1139/cjes-2012-0150